Common General Surgery Procedures that You Should Know

General surgeons perform various surgical treatments to manage illness and injuries and advance wellness. They carry out diagnostic procedures and advise on whether surgery is necessary. These medical professionals could operate on practically any bodily area, and there are various general surgery procedures available.


Here are some examples of common operations that general surgeons carry out. 


1. Appendectomy


Appendicitis is extremely painful and puts the body at risk for serious illnesses. This happens when the appendix is obstructed, filled with pus and ruptured. Appendectomy is the only procedure that can stop a potentially fatal infection caused by appendicitis.

Depending on the patient’s needs, a general surgeon may perform an open or laparoscopic appendectomy. You will need to stay in the hospital for about two days after the procedure.


2. Breast cancer surgery 


Mastectomy is one of the most effective treatments for breast cancer. If you have been diagnosed with breast cancer, surgical specialists will collaborate with you to develop a specific plan of action. This aims to remove the foreign body and manage your condition. However, even if you reach remission, you still need surgical care. 


3. Gallbladder surgery 


In some cases, the production of gallstones that are too big for the gallbladder to clear naturally causes obstructions and irritation in the gallbladder. If this happens, you will have worsening symptoms and feel uncomfortable as the number of gallstones increases. This may persist until the stones are broken up or the gallbladder surgery is done.


4. Colon and Rectal Surgery


Doctors perform surgery on the colon and rectum to treat various illnesses. These include bowel obstruction, cancer, Crohn’s disease, diverticulitis, injuries, and haemorrhoids. Typical colon and rectal operations include: 


·       Colectomy-Colectomy removes all or a portion of the colon or large intestine and is also known as intestinal resection. An abdominal incision is necessary for a colectomy. After surgery, most patients stay in the hospital for several days, and it can take several weeks to heal fully. 


·       Colostomy– Colostomy connects the colon to the so-called stoma, an external opening in the belly. Instead of passing faeces from the rectum, people with colostomies pass it through the colostomy and into a specific bag. Moreover, a colostomy may be temporary or permanent depending on the patient’s health and the colon’s condition. 


·       The hemorrhoidectomy-The procedure removes haemorrhoids, often known as piles, which are rectus and anus blood vessels that have swelled and become irritated. Most haemorrhoids respond to medicine and lifestyle modifications. Haemorrhoids that are large, chronic, or persistent may require surgery. 


5. Hysterectomy


A significant number of women undergo hysterectomies annually. The uterus, as well as occasionally the ovaries and fallopian tubes, are removed during this procedure. Hysterectomy patients are no longer able to become pregnant. Numerous disorders, including benign ones like uterine fibroids and deadly ones like endometrial cancer, may need this procedure. 




 Some surgeons specialize in treating particular conditions, while others boast training in cutting-edge surgical methods. Above are examples of common general surgical procedures that you expect from a general surgeon’s office.

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